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[2020 May 18 Academy] Upholding of the May 18 Spirit from Universal Human History in the Local Democracy/Human Rights Movement in Bangladesh
Writer : Mahbul Haque    Date Created : 2020-11-11     Hit : 62

The  Gwangju Uprising is universal human history and the spirit of the May 18has been promoting peaceful non-violence movement for cultivating the humanrights and democracy in Bangladesh. The uprising alternatively was calledthe May 18 Democratic Uprising byUNESCO, and also known as May18 Gwangju Democratization Movement, was a popular uprising in the cityof Gwangju, South Korea, from May 18 to May 27, 1980. The Bangladesh in 1971 and Gwangju Upraising in May 1980 againstMilitary junta passed into part of long history, cultural and theirindependence were the fruit of a bitter struggle characterized by the largescale and serious human rights violation.  As a result of state violence, many survivorswere traumatized including women. Bangladesh has a long and gory history ofpolitical violence; bloody uprising were ultimately the only means to achievefirst linguistic freedom and then independence. The May 18  Gwangju Democratic Uprising has united thepeoples of Gwangju into a one circle body in order to develop our nation byremembering the spirit of struggle and solidarity of the May 18 Uprising. Withmany obstacles in Korea and Bangladesh, As a human rights defender, I amcommitted to work for promoting non-violence, peaceful movement with humandignity, cultural values & norms, human rights and democracy from thespirit of struggle and solidarity of the uprising in Bangladesh from theknowledge of online the May 18 Academy lectures. The May means a sacrifice forus rather than an unhealed wound to ensuring the human rights and democracy. TheMay is history that is to be remembered not only for the victims (children’s,girls and women) of the May 18 Democratization Movement but also for allcitizens in Korea. Bangladesh has notbeen ensuring their duties to respect, protect and fulfill the prohibitionagainst state violence, both as a matter of the international treaties whichwas acceded to the UNCAT in 1998.

Stateviolence/Torture, organized violence against human rights is unanimouslycondemned globally in the time of COVID-19 Pandemic. Despite numerousinternational declarations and convention prohibiting human rights violations, stateviolence remains as major problems in many countries around the world.Constitution of Bangladesh strictly prohibits torture or any form of cruel,inhuman behavior or punishment (Article 35/5 of Bangladesh Constitution). In Bangladesh allegations of acts ofharassment, extortion, extra-judicial killing, torture and killings,perpetrated by the police and others law enforcing agency, were found to be acommon phenomenon. Still torture occursespecially in police custody, RAB detentions centre, Military in CHTs. Legalmechanisms are found desperately ineffective in the name of democracy inBangladesh. Bangladesh Government failed to the UNCAT committeeurged the government to inform it about the progress on these issues by 09August 2020, giving priority on three things; 1) ensuring that magistrates andlaw enforcement authorities properly follow High Court directives on preventionof custodial torture and death; 2) making sure that independent bodies, privateorganizations or NGOs representatives can inspect the places of detention aswell as ensuring a system for investigating allegations from detained persons;and 3) protecting the NGOs which are assisting the UNCAT to stop harassment.There is to be need the May 18 Spirit for democracy in Bangladesh due toabsence of democratic government, lack of freedom of expression and stateviolence. So We need the spirit from the May 18Democratic Uprising and Democratization Movement practices in Bangladeshand also Globally and we have to learn the knowledge from the May 18 Spirit andDemocracy in Korea for the implementation of peoples power in participation ofpeoples vote under the election for the peoples representative.

The May 18 Spirit for Bangladeshhuman rights and democratic movement shall be involved with Human rightsdefenders so that they will have to protect and promote the human rights inconsultation and partnership with National Human rights institution, and anyfurthers to join, receiving intensive face-to-face capacity building trainings onthe May 18 Spirit and recommending for Bangladesh and engaging in subsequentnetworking and advocacy activities; human rights defenders in local level ofdistricts receiving training and support to document and conduct advocacy on humanrights violations; HR activists receiving support to advocate internationally;further human rights defenders  involvedin supporting the local level rapporteurs and the national level rightsviolation hotline.

TheMay 18 Democratic Uprising and Democratization Movement in Asia is a universalhuman history learning for non-violence & peaceful human rights anddemocracy movement and the May 18 Spirit is to be developed for development ofdemocracy and human rights to build networking of women rights activists, HRDs,rapporteurs established and provided with skills, knowledge, and resources to advocate,monitor, document and respond to individual cases of human rights violations fromacross Bangladesh through the implementing of May 18 Spirit; Strengthenedcapacity of a national network of human rights institutions on the May 18Spirit to securely and collaboratively advocate for human rights and democracy;Greater awareness of human rights violations among decision-makers nationallyand internationally, and increased pressure to improve protection of the human rightsthrough improved laws and policies relating the UNCAT and other Un treaties andinternational advocacy to enable local HRDs to have their voices heard by UNhuman rights mechanisms and international agencies/delegations and ensuring thetransitional justice against state violence. 
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